Forest Encroachment Monitoring

Deforestation is a major cause of the loss of forests around the world. According to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC), agriculture is the main reason for deforestation, followed by logging and fuel wood removal.

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Agriculture

The slash and burn technique is widely used. It involves cutting down trees and then burning them, to prepare the land for farming. This effectively removes weeds, and the ash from the trees provides nutrients to the crops. The farmers then use this patch of land until the land is no longer suitable for farming and move on to a different patch to begin the process all over again. This practice can be illegal, depending on whether the farmer has a permit to farm in that particular area or not.

Prevent Illegal Logging

Logging is another major cause of deforestation. As part of the logging activities, they also fell trees to build roads and other infrastructure to access remote forests and transport the timber.

While commercial logging is legal, illegal logging also contributes to the problem. As they are carried out without government permission, illegal logging companies are in violation of environmental regulations laid out by the authorities. Loggers cut down valuable trees in protected areas, causing damage in sensitive areas. Furthermore, as the activities are illegal, these companies avoid taxes, causing monetary loss to the economy.

This widespread deforestation from agriculture and logging has led to various environmental problems including:

  • Global warming and climate change
  • Habitat degradation and biodiversity loss
  • Soil erosion

It is crucial that these impacts are mitigated to prevent further damage to the environment, and also prevent economic loss.

While there are limits and restrictions on the amount of forest that can be cleared, it can be a challenge to monitor due to the vast, remote and sometimes inaccessible nature of the forests.

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